The legendary broad-hemmed headdress that was used by Gurkha regiments in the field of service on the start of the 20th century. It continued to be worn by the Gurkha military force in all operational arenas and on the borders of India during the World Wars 1 and 2. At present, Gurkha hat is still worn by the Indian, Nepalese and British Armies including Gurkha security comrades and police raised worldwide. But the British Army wore this head dress nowadays no longer in the service but primarily for ceremonial duties, parades, and processions.
A head dress known as Kilmarnock being adopted and worn on field during the mid 19th century became the universal hat of Gurkha battalion, was never useful when worn on field service. Not at all worn as security from downpour of rain neither a protection from sun burn the reason several changes and alterations had been made during those times.
On 1878-80 during the 2nd Afghan War, puggaree was introduced and worn for some time by the Gurkhas but due to mockery from the 2nd units of Gurkhas that puggaree has been considered a garb of Nepali from the plains. But despite of this derision, the 2nd Gurkhas contemplated the replacement of Kilmarnock with puggaree. Its purpose was not much of protection from environmental elements, but it would be tough for the insurgents to hurl and ambush British officers. Apparently, it didn’t serve its expected purpose and was then disapproved.
A slouch headdress that became a popular hat used by the Dominion Forces of the British Empire during the 2nd Boer War in South Africa known as Kashmir hat. It’s composed of machine-stitched cloth with numerous layers to make it hard and stiff, to fit for the purpose of protection from hazardous environmental elements, protection from the heavy monsoon rains and sun burn.